23 Mar 2019
22 May 2017
In vitro fertilization also called IVF is an infertility treatment process that involves fertility drugs for stimulation of multiple eggs development. It is the process where an egg is combined with sperm outside the body in vitro. The process starts with retrieving the eggs from the ovaries with the help of small needle, after that they are fertilized with the sperm in a lab and kept under surveillance. The embryo grows within 3 to 5 days before one or more is placed inside the uterus.
The IVF process generally involves monitoring and stimulating a woman’s ovulatory process removing an ovum or ova from the woman's ovaries and letting sperm fertilize them in a liquid in a laboratory.
IVF is one of the most used infertility treatment by all the patient suffering from ovulation problems prolonged infertility, poor semen quality, fallopian tube damage/obstruction, pelvic adhesions and endometriosis.
Advantages and disadvantages of IVF-
Like every other technical treatment and methodology IVF also has advantages and disadvantages. The most important advantage of IVF is it can help in multiple child birth. It is much more successful than IUI(Intrauterine Insemination) that is another commonly used fertility procedure, IVF can help to treat almost any type of infertility problem. Above all this, it can control multiple birth by using Sinle Embryo Transfer (SET) which makes it a faster way to get pregnant increasing the success rate in handy.
IVF is suggested by the doctors too because it provides access to genetic testing of embryos and increases the chances of fertility.
Along with several advantages there are some disadvantages too. IVF is a more demanding process and involves a huge amount of monitoring unlike IUI that demands less monitoring task and fine results. It needs much stronger ovarian stimulation, daily monitoring, laboratory fertilization and embryo growth, egg retrieval procedure with conscious sedation stimulation and embryo transfer followed by progesterone injections or suppositories. Also IVF does not make new eggs, if the uterus is not capable of carrying pregnancy and implanting IVF cannot help.
When to go for IVF?
The choice between IVF and IUI is a difficult one but should be made widely and according to your fertilization specialist. Factors such as age and fertility are also responsible for deciding if there are chances to try IVF. Deciding the type of treatment cycle and the number of embryos to transfer, pre treatment and pre implementation of genetic testing before reaching IVF always works. You must visit a doctor who is experienced and can provide multiple treatment like IUI, surgery, ovarian stimulation and IVF, then choose accordingly what to prefer.
Anybody who suffers from endometriosis (A disorder in which tissue that normally lines the uterus grows outside the uterus.), damage of fallopian tube and any kind of infertility can go for IVF. Women who have much less time for being pregnant because of reasons like age or any kind of ovarian reserve can also take chances with IVF. IVF is helpful when there is a need for gestational carrier or donor egg.
You must check for everything including money and budget before having an experience with In vitro fertilization.