Do Fibroids Affect Fertility?

By WebDesk

20 Jun 2017

Do Fibroids Affect Fertility?

Along with so many factors affecting  pregnancy like health, alcohol consumption etc uterine fibroids also affect your ability to get pregnant. Fibroids are found among 50-80% of women and is also considered to be hereditary. If your mother has fibroids, you are also likely to have it.

What are fibroids?

Fibroids are benign tumors developed in the uterus made of smooth muscle cells and fibrous connective tissue.  Generally women have more than one fibroid, the uterine fibroids vary in size and location. They are responsible for the change in shape and size of the uterus and also affects the cervix.

There are three types of fibroids according to their location in human body-

  • Ubserosal are in the outer wall of the uterus (55%)
  • Submucosal protrude into the uterine cavity (5%)
  • Intramural are found in the muscular layers of the uterine wall (40%)

Generally doctors locate fibroids through and ultrasound and MRI including some more physical tests.

Do fibroids cause infertility?

Can fibroids cause infertility? It is a question that is asked by a lot but has not clearly been answered yet. According to studies only 5-10% of women who have infertility and pregnancy problems have fibroids and the problems are caused due to the size and location of the fibroids.  According to the researches and studies only submucosal fibroids affect fertility and the large fibroids block the opening of fallopian tube into the uterus creating problems in pregnancy. Moreover fibroids that are greater than 6 cm in diameter and located inside the uterine cavity affects fertility.

Most of the women who face problems during pregnancy or fertility may not conclude fibroids but fibroids may also be an important factor.

How do fibroids cause infertility?

Fertility is affected by fibroids in several ways that depends upon the size and location in the fallopian tubes, uterus or cervix. The infertility can be caused by several ways but can be treated if measures are taken.

Fibroids can cause infertility by thickening uterus lining, it also changes the shape of uterus which interferes with the movement of sperm or embryo resulting into infertility and problems in pregnancy. The number of sperms entering into the uterus is also affected by change in shape of cervix caused by fibroids. Fallopian tubes can be blocked by fibroids which makes it challenging or impossible for a fertilized egg to implant as well as it can affect blood flow to the urine cavity.

Is getting a treatment for fibroid important?

Treatment of fibroids is totally based on your choice or whether you want to give it a test. If there are problems in pregnancy or fertility there can be many other explanations, fibroids are not the only factor. So before deciding for treatment you and your partner should discuss all problems related to fertility with the concerned doctor. There are various treatment options for the permanent as well as temporary removal of fibroids, it’s up to you to decide what’s best.

There are surgeries that can eliminate fibroid permanently. Ultrasounds, Electrical energy and embolization can reduce the size of fibroids for a short period of time but it is not permanent and there are chances that it can affect fertility.

Furthermore if you want to increase the fertility rate and pregnancy you can go for the treatment including mucosal fibroid which always lead to increased fertility rate. Researches show that fibroids and treatment are still in the chat and there are chances of development in the treatment process. Research is weak when it comes to other types of fibroids, so it is suggested to check each and every functional medication before testing for fibroids.